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DHS and DOJ are erecting virtual immigration courtrooms for MPP cases along the Southern Border

  1. Date Announced

    Sept. 6, 2019

    AILA reports that DHS is building massive temporary tent facilities in Laredo and Brownsville that will soon function as virtual immigration courtrooms for MPP cases, as many of the detailed immigration judges will adjudicate cases via video teleconferencing (VTC). [ID #101]

    View Policy Document
  3. Subsequent Action

    March 11, 2020

    A federal district court enjoined the MPP policy on Apr. 8, 2019. 9th Circuit stayed the injunction pending appeal, and then affirmed the injunction on Feb. 28, 2020. Supreme Court stayed the injunction on Mar. 11, 2020, and granted cert on Oct. 19, 2020. Oral argument is expected in Feb. 2021. See Innovation Law Lab v. Wolf (N.D. Cal. 3:19-cv-00807)(9th Cir. 19-15716)(SCOTUS 19-1212).

    **Litigation is listed for informational purposes and is not comprehensive. For the current status of legal challenges, check other sources.**

    ACLU | Innovation Law Lab v. Wolf
Type of Action: Change in Practice
Agencies Affected: USCIS CBP ICE EOIR

Prior Policies

  • Prior to MPP, an asylum seeker at the border, upon demonstrating a credible fear of persecution, was permitted to wait in the U.S. pending their removal hearing and asylum adjudication.

    8 U.S.C. § 1158 - Asylum

Subsequent Action


Washington Post: Along Texas border, Trump administration sets up tent courts for virtual asylum hearings

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