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DHS begins implementing Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP) at Port of Nogales

  1. Original Date Announced

    January 2, 2020

    DHS announces that it is processing individuals under the Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP) at the Nogales Port of Entry, thus bringing the total number of ports deploying MPP to seven. [ID #119]

    See Biden administration action below.

    DHS Begins MPP Returns at Nogales Port of Entry in Arizona
  2. Effective Date

    January 2, 2020
  4. Biden Administration Action: Revoked/Replaced

    June 1, 2021

    2021.06.01 Termination of the Migrant Protection Protocols Program

    This Biden administration policy revokes in its entirety the Trump-era policy identified in this entry.

    On June 1, 2021, DHS issued a policy memorandum signed by Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas terminating the MPP Program. The memorandum instructs DHS personnel to take the necessary steps to rescind implementing guidance and other policy guidance related to the program.

    View Document
  5. Biden Administration Action: Revoked/Replaced

    October 29, 2021

    Termination of the Migrant Protection Protocols

    On October 29, 2021, DHS Secretary Mayorkas issued a new memo terminating the MPP program. The Biden administration remains under a court order requiring that it implement MPP in good faith. The program cannot be terminated until the current preliminary injunction is lifted and is no longer in effect.

    View Document

Current Status

Partially in effect
June 1, 2021
Acted on by Biden Administration
October 29, 2021
Acted on by Biden Administration

Original Trump Policy Status

Trump Administration Action: Change in Practice
Agencies Affected: CBP USCIS ICE EOIR

Pre Trump-Era Policies

  • October 29, 2018

    Prior to MPP, an asylum seeker at the border, upon demonstrating a credible fear of persecution, was permitted to wait in the U.S. pending their removal hearing and asylum adjudication.

    8 U.S.C. § 1158 - Asylum

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