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DHS orders personnel surge and expansion of Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP) at southern border

  1. Original Date Announced

    April 1, 2019

    DHS Secretary Nielsen issues a memorandum to CBP outlining new steps the agency must take, including reassigning hundreds of CBP personnel to the southern border and expanding the Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP), to return asylum seekers to Mexico during the pendency of their U.S. immigration proceedings. [ID #389]

    See Biden administration action below.

    Press Release: Secretary Nielsen Orders CBP to Surge More Personnel to Southern Border, Increase Number of Aliens Returned to Mexico
  2. Effective Date

    April 1, 2019
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  4. Biden Administration Action: Revoked/Replaced

    June 1, 2021

    2021.06.01 Termination of the Migrant Protection Protocols Program

    This Biden administration policy revokes in its entirety the Trump-era policy identified in this entry.

    On June 1, 2021, DHS issued a policy memorandum signed by Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas terminating the MPP Program. The memorandum instructs DHS personnel to take the necessary steps to rescind implementing guidance and other policy guidance related to the program.

    View Document
  5. Biden Administration Action: Revoked/Replaced

    October 29, 2021

    Termination of the Migrant Protection Protocols

    On October 29, 2021, DHS Secretary Mayorkas issued a new memo terminating the MPP program. The Biden administration remains under a court order requiring that it implement MPP in good faith. The program cannot be terminated until the current preliminary injunction is lifted and is no longer in effect.

    View Document
  6. Biden Administration Action: Approved/Retained

    December 2, 2021

    2021.12.02 Guidance regarding the Court-Ordered Reimplementation of the Migrant Protection Protocols

    This Biden administration policy reimplements the Trump-era policy identified in this entry.

    Referencing the court order to reimplement MPP, DHS provides updated guidance on its good-faith reimplementation of MPP until the district court vacates its injunction. This guidance includes substantive changes to MPP implementation made in consultation with the Mexican government.

    View Document

Current Status

Partially in effect
June 1, 2021
Acted on by Biden Administration
October 29, 2021
Acted on by Biden Administration
December 2, 2021
Acted on by Biden Administration

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