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EOIR and USCIS issue final rule expanding criminal bars to asylum and limiting review of discretionary denials of asylum

  1. Original Date Announced

    October 21, 2020

    EOIR and USCIS issue a final rule adding numerous new mandatory criminal bars to asylum eligibility, including offenses arising under sections 274(a)(1)(A), 274(a)(2), or 276 of the INA; crimes "committed in support, promotion, or furtherance of the activity of a criminal street gang;" convictions for driving while intoxicated or impaired; crimes of stalking, child abuse, child neglect, child abandonment, and domestic violence, including misdemeanor domestic violence; unlawful use of an identification document; and unlawful use of public benefits, among others. The rule also sets forth criteria for determining whether a vacated, expunged, or modified conviction or sentence should be recognized for purposes of determining whether an individual is eligible for asylum, and repeals provisions regarding reconsideration of discretionary denials of asylum. The rule, signed by Chad Mizelle, Senior Official Performing the Duties of the General Counsel, on behalf of Acting Secretary Wolf, takes effect on November 20, 2020.

    [ID #1099]

    Final Rule on Procedures for Asylum and Bars to Asylum Eligibility
  2. Effective Date

    November 20, 2020
  3.  
  4. Biden Administration Action: Under Study

    Bars to Asylum Eligibility and Procedures

    This notice made known the Biden administration's proposal to modify or rescind the Trump-era policy identified in this entry.

    DHS and DOJ issued a Uniform Regulatory Agenda notice announcing their proposal to modify or rescind regulatory changes promulgated in three final rules, including the policy identified in this entry, consistent with Executive Order 14010.

    View Document

Current Status

Not in effect
Acted on by Biden Administration

Original Trump Policy Status

Trump Administration Action: Rule

Pre Trump-Era Policies

  • The INA previously barred from asylum eligibility any alien who (1) 'ordered, incited, assisted, or otherwise participated in the persecution of any person on account of' a protected ground; (2) ‘having been convicted by a final judgment of a particularly serious crime, constitutes a danger to the community of the United States;’ (3) ‘has committed a serious nonpolitical crime outside the United States’ prior to arrival in the United States; (4) constitutes ‘a danger to the security of the United States;’ (5) is described in the terrorism-related inadmissibility grounds, with limited exception; or (6) ‘was firmly resettled in another country prior to arriving in the United States.’ INA 208(b)(2)(A)(i)–(vi), 8 U.S.C. 1158(b)(2)(A)(i)–(vi)." Regulation requires review of discretionary asylum denials where applicant is granted withholding in order to allow family unification.

    8 U.S.C. 1158(b)(2)(A)

Commentary

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