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EOIR issues guidance on Pereira v. Sessions, announcing changes in NTA filings and case scheduling

  1. Original Date Announced

    December 21, 2018

    Pursuant to the Director's Policy Memo 19-08, EOIR will now provide dates and times to DHS for use on Notices to Appear (NTAs) for certain non-detained cases, in accordance with the Supreme Court's decision in Pereira v. Sessions. The memo states that the three DHS components that can issue NTAs -- CBP, ICE, and USCIS -- all have access to EOIR's Interactive Scheduling System (ISS).

    EOIR will now reject all NTAs with facially incorrect dates (i.e., falling on a holiday, weekend, or date or time when the assigned court is not open). If an NTA is not filed with the immigration court in time for the date and time of the hearing it references, EOIR will classify that case as a "failure to prosecute." With respect to any case filed within 10 days of the date and time on the NTA, it is left to the IJ's discretion whether the case will go forward per the NTA or will be reset.

    [ID #198]

    EOIR Policy Memorandum (PM 19-08): Acceptance of Notices to Appear and Use of Interactive Scheduling System
  2. Effective Date

    January 31, 2019

Current Status

Fully in Effect

Original Trump Policy Status

Status: Final/Actual
Trump Administration Action: Change in Practice
Subject Matter: Hearings and Adjudications
Agencies Affected: EOIR USCIS ICE CBP


  • AIC / CLINIC Practice Advisory on Pereira v. Sessions

    In Pereira v. Sessions, the Supreme Court held that an NTA is defective if it does not contain a date and time for the hearing, which runs counter to a long-standing DHS practice of omitting the information and waiting for EOIR to functionally complete the NTA through a subsequent hearing notice. This practice advisory reviews the Supreme Court decision and its implications for applications for cancellation of removal and post-proceedings voluntary departure. It also covers the post-BIA precedent in Matter of Bermudez-Cota, 27 I&N Dec. 441 (BIA 2018).

    Go to article
  • TRAC DHS Fails to File NTAs

    The Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) at Syracuse University found that as of the end of September 2022, Immigration Court judges dismissed a total of 63,586 cases because CBP officials had failed to file a Notice to Appear (NTA) in the case with the Immigration Court. CBP agents can enter new cases and schedule initial hearings through the Court's Interactive Scheduling System (ISS), but CBP personnel must still submit a copy of the NTA to the Court, which they have failed to do for many cases.

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