Original Date AnnouncedAugust 29, 2017
ICE directs its agents to be "cognizant" of the fact that a noncitizen has children when considering prosecutorial discretion. ICE officials may make "case-by-case" decisions on the arrest and removal of parents of minor children. A Child Welfare Coordinator position is involved "as the primary point of contact and subject matter expert for all ICE personnel regarding child welfare issues related to detained aliens."
ICE should not take custody of children they encounter during enforcement action who are USC, LPR or not removable, and should try to accommodate a noncitizen parent's efforts to make alternative care arrangements for LPR or USC children. Noncitizen parents, detained noncitizen parents, or legal guardians should be allowed to participate in ongoing family court proceedings. ICE must facilitate visitation by minor children of noncitizen parents or legal guardians. [ID #273]ICE Policy Number 11064.2: Detention and Removal of Alien Parents or Legal Guardians
Effective DateAugust 29, 2017
Subsequent Trump-Era and Court Action(s)
March 28, 2018
ICE Fact Sheet: Policies and Procedures Involving Detained Parents and Legal Guardians
Fact sheetView Document
Biden Administration Action: ModifiedJuly 14, 2022
ICE Directive 11064.3: Interests of Noncitizen Parents and Legal Guardians of Minor Children or Incapacitated Adults
This Biden administration policy modifies the Trump-era policy identified in this entry.
According to the new policy, when a noncitizen parent or legal guardian is arrested or detained for a civil immigration proceeding, the noncitizen can maintain visitation with their child or with the incapacitated adult for whom they serve as guardian. The noncitizen parent or legal guardian can coordinate care and participate in any related court or child welfare proceedings.
ICE will now have procedures in place to identify individuals who are parents or legal guardians of minor children or incapacitated adults. This includes affirmatively inquiring about such status when a noncitizen is encountered. ICE will develop new trainings on safeguarding the parental or guardianship rights of noncitizens for relevant ICE personnel. Further, a previously removed noncitizen may, on a case-by-case basis, be returned via parole when their in-person participation at a custody hearing is required. The new policy also establishes enhanced procedures and requirements for the initial placement and subsequent transfer of parents and legal guardians, including provisions to ensure access to family visitation and child welfare services and programs.View Document