September 30, 1996
Under Section 102 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996, as amended (‘‘IIRIRA’’), Congress mandated the installation of additional fencing, barriers, roads, lighting, cameras, and sensors on the southwest border and Congress granted to the Secretary of Homeland Security the authority to waive all legal requirements that the Secretary determines necessary to ensure the expeditious construction of barriers and roads authorized by the Act.
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